Within thy locks - See on Song of Solomon 4:1; (note), and Song of Solomon 4:7; (note). Song of Solomon 4:9-10. We understand it as a repetition, in another form, of the protestation of love made in Song of Solomon 1:1-3.Like them, it forms a stanza of five lines. (NIV, Song of Solomon 4:3) A brief overview of various interpretive theories used in studying the Song of Songs. We will — Both I, thy spouse, and the virgins, my companions. Song of Solomon 5 Chapter 4 In this chapter, I. Jesus Christ, having espoused his church to himself ch. It is possible that Solomon himself wrote the Song. (NIV, Song of Solomon 4:3) Song of Solomon Chapter 4 Analysis and Summary Verse 4. Courtship is important. Salem Media Group. Written by Iain Duguid: Song of Songs (Reformed Expository Commentary) Part of the difficulty of the Song of Songs comes from the fact that it is a song, and therefore poetry. 147–49). Allegorization in early times arose from the belief that such a subject was unsuitable for the Holy Scriptures. The meaning undoubtedly is, "The song which Solomon composed," not "The song which celebrates Solomon's love." After all, the name of God may appear only one time in the book, and that is debated (8:6). Your temples behind your veil are like the halves of a pomegranate. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: SONG OF SOLOMON 4:7-15 7 "You are altogether beautiful, my darling, And there is no blemish in you. Some have deemed it ancient pornography. The church and the synagogue had been influenced by foreign philosophy (Neo-Platonism) to the point where bodily functions were seen in opposition to the things of the Spirit and thus to be avoided. The poems typically presuppose two primary figures: a male lover and a female lover. Hippolytus (ca. This book is made up of different sections which show the progression of … The same attitudes and beliefs that motivated the monastic movement led to the allegorization of the Song. Comments on Chapter 1 The Song of Songs (also called the Song of Solomon) is a poem about love between a man and a woman. In the second century C.E., Rabbi Akiva called it the “holy of holies.” 1 However, the only-typological interpretation will have to resort to allegorizing sooner or later that winds up in just as ridiculous a spot (here I'm thinking of the descriptions of the woman's body in 4:1-7). This song is one of 1,005 that Solomon wrote (1 Kings 4:32). THEORIES OF INTERPRETATION. Arguments a. In many Old Testament Scriptures, marriage is an underlying metaphor for Israel's relationship with God. G. L. Carr, Song of Solomon; F. Delitzsch, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs; M. Falk, Love Lyrics from the Bible; W. G. Lambert, JSS4 (1959): 1-15; M. H. Popoe, Song of Songs; P. Trible, God and the Rhetoric of Sexuality; J. A series of articles on the Song of Songs. The first verse of this little book identifies Solomon as its writer: “The song of songs, which is Solomon's.” Solomon also wrote the Books of Proverbs and Ecclesiastes. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. The major issue with this book has always related to the issue of interpretation. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. This makes the setting in the early years of Solomon’s reign. Allegorical interpretation is, for them, a gross misuse of Scripture that was particularly, and regrettably, popular among the church fathers. A mini verse by verse commentary on the Song of Songs. The earliest distinct references to the So of Songs are found in Jewish writings of the 1st and 2nd centuries AD (4 Esdras 5:24,26; 7:26; Ta`anith 4:8). 2. These hills seem pleasant, but there are in them lions' dens; they are mountains of the leopards. For this particular series, I will dissect the literal interpretation. So Christians should read the Song in the light of Ephesians and rejoice in the intimate relationship that they enjoy with Jesus Christ. Problem: Evangelical Christians defend the literal interpretation of the Bible. God endowed humans at creation with sexuality as a blessing, not as a curse. Thus, when the woman pleads with the king to take her into his chamber (1:4), this has nothing to do with human lovemaking but rather describes the exodus from Egypt, God's bedroom being the land of Palestine. A mini verse by verse commentary on the Song of Songs. Milkman hears a shot and Pilate falls, Milkman cradles Pilate and sings to her. The Targum and Hippolytus are just examples of an interpretive tendency that was dominant from early times until the nineteenth century and still is occasionally found today. The first few sentences of this review of the Song of Songs (aka, the Song of Solomon) in the Passion Translation (the one that is enthusiastically promoted by NAR apostles) says it all:. But the language is tasteful, poetic, and beautiful. Biblical scholars reveal that while little is known about the tower of David, being in association with King David, it would have been a symbol of strength and dignity. Look how the beloved shepherd describes his young woman. The Song, however, stands against such attempts and tells the church that sexuality within the context of marriage is something God created for the pleasure of his human creatures. The pervasive garden theme in the Song evokes memories of the garden before the fall. After all, the name of God may appear only one time in the book, and that is debated (8:6). At the beginning of this chapter in the Song of Solomon, the woman expresses the way she longs to show her lover affection in public. i. Solomon is presumed to be the author because he is mentioned six times (Song of Solomon 1:5, 3:7, 3:9, 3:11, 8:11, and 8:12) and there are three references to an unnamed king (Song of Solomon 1:4, 1:12, and 7:5). of The title “Song of Songs” is a superlative, meaning this is the best one. They came from many countries. As Moses is the source [though not the only author] of the Torah, and David is the source [though not the author] of the book of Psalms, so is Solomon the father of the wisdom tradition in Israel… We need the fresh perspective on love and sexuality that the Song of Solomon offers. It is also known as the Song of Solomon or as Canticles. A series of articles on the Song of Songs. ; 5.1ff., EVV 4.29ff.). Unfortunately, due to Israel's lack of trust, the metaphor often appears in a negative context, and Israel is pictured as a whore in its relationship with God ( Jer 2:20 ; 3:1 ; Eze 16,23). From fragments of his commentary we learn that he takes the statement in 1:4 to mean that Christ has brought the worthy ones whom he has wedded into the church. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. Song of Solomon 1:2 —Why do so many people who claim to interpret the Bible literally, spiritualize the Song of Solomon?. The Song serves an important canonical function with its explicit language of love. ii. Nonetheless, this reading does not exhaust the theological meaning of the Song. As a result, poetry is often more evocative than explicative. It is, 1. In the end, Solomon would have 700 wives. Draw me — By thy grace and Holy Spirit. White, A Study of the Language of Love in the Song of Songs and Ancient Near Eastern Poetry. The first of numerous references to vineyards, orchards, and gardens within the Song of Songs, which is also characteristic of . The Song of Solomon contains sexual imagery in parts and is full of declarations of love and adoration. The first title is a Hebrew way of expressing the superlative: “The Most Excellent Song”; the second denotes authorship; and the third means “Songs”, being taken from the Latin translation. The discovery and publication of formally similar love poetry from modern Arabic literature as well as ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia signaled the end of the allegorical approach to the text, but left the church with a number of questions about the theological meaning of the Song. Journey down from the summit of Amana, From the summit of Senir and Hermon, From the dens of lions, The author of the Song of Songs is King Solomon (מֶלֶךְ שְׁלמה), as indicated by the song's opening verse: "The Song of Songs, written by Solomon" . This perfect harmony between the male and female tragically ended at the fall. 13 My beloved is to me a sachet of myrrh resting between my breasts. The medieval Jewish scholar Saadia compared the Song of Solomon to a lock for which “the keys have been lost.” Most modern commentators agree with his assessment. Interestingly, in 1 Kings 4:32 it is stated that "He (Solomon) also spoke 3,000 proverbs, and his songs were 1,005." At first reading it seems impossible to describe a theology of the Song of Songs. Poetry is the art of condensation: expressing maximum meaning in the minimum number of words. Bibliography. Some have deemed it ancient pornography. The way chosen by many during the history of interpretation was to suppress the obviously sexual language of human love in the book by allegorizing it. While a book like Genesis feels constrained by space, this volume would probably have benefited by inclusion with Ecclesiastes. The Song of Songs or the song of Solomon which it is also called, is one of the five scrolls read on various holidays throughout the year. The entire book is a series of love songs in poetic form. The inherent problem with a single volume commentary for Song of Solomon in an introductory series is that there are too many words per verse. One of the most memorable scenes in the Old Testament is when God commands his prophet Hosea to marry a prostitute to symbolize his love for a faithless Israel. poetry. Among other relevant passages in the Song of Songs, see, for example, 8:1 with “brother” meaning “ally.” 6. The Allegorical Interpretation. The Song of Songs was a disputed book among the Hebrews. The Application of the Song of Songs. They insist that it should be taken in its normal, historical-grammatical sense, not in some hidden, mystical, or allegorical sense. Solomon had not married his actual sister, so we can dispense with that theory right away. And 300 other women lived with him in the palace (1 Kings 11:3). The Song was accepted into the Jewish canon of scripture in the 2nd century CE, after a period of controversy in the 1st century. The ascription of the Song of Songs to Solomon by the Hebrew canon sets these writings within the context of wisdom literature. This book is actually not a story at all; it is a song. The song begins with the female speaker expressing her longing for a passionate kiss from the one she loves. They insist that it should be taken in its normal, historical-grammatical sense, not in some hidden, mystical, or allegorical sense. They feel no shame. The Song of Songs was a disputed book among the Hebrews. Rowley, "The Interpretation of the Song of Songs," 212. The ascription of the Song of Songs to Solomon by the Hebrew canon sets these writings within the context of wisdom literature. Four times, in speaking to his wife, the bridegroom calls her “my sister, my bride”—or “spouse” in some translations. Song of Solomon 1:4 "Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: … The New Testament also uses human relationships as metaphors of the divine-human relationship, and none clearer than marriage. Solomon composed some 1,005 songs (1 Kings 4:32), and this was the greatest (the song of songs) among them. Although the text mentions several fruits, such as grapes and apples, pomegranates are mentioned several times: Your lips are like a scarlet ribbon; your mouth is lovely. So we come full circle, reaching similar conclusions to the early allegorical approaches to the Song. Arguments a. E. I Kings 4:32-34 points out that Solomon authored 1,005 songs. Song of Solomon 1:2 —Why do so many people who claim to interpret the Bible literally, spiritualize the Song of Solomon?. The question of the canonicity of the So was debated as late as the Synod of Jamnia (circa 90 AD), when it was decided that Canticles was rightly reckoned to "defile the hands," i.e. Commentary on Song of Solomon 4:8-15 (Read Song of Solomon 4:8-15) Observe the gracious call Christ gives to the church. They love each other deeply, and later, they marry. Date of Writing: Solomon most likely wrote this song during the early part of his reign. It appeared to gain acceptance after “Rabbi Akiba upheld its divine inspiration using allegorical interpretation as a means to justify its spiritual value.” Christians appeared to have always accepted it as it was in the LXX, Old Latin, Vulgate, and all later Bible translations. Solomon's role as Israel's wise man par excellence is further reflected in the prose tradition of Kings (1 Kings 3.1ff. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. With one of thine eyes — With one glance. Date of Writing: Solomon most likely wrote this song during the early part of his reign. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. To learn more, view our, “ASCENDING THE MOUNTAIN, SINGING THE ROCK: BIBLICAL INTERPRETATION EARTHED, TYPED, AND TRANSFIGURED”, Qoheleth: The Theology of a Hebrew Philosopher. Set primarily in the late 20th century Michigan, Song of Solomon is the story of Macon 'Milkman' Dead, and his family, going back three gen… The title “Song of Songs” is a superlative, meaning this is the best one. In spite of the predominantly negative use of the image, we must not lose sight of the fact that Israel was the bride of God, and so as the Song celebrates the intimacy between human lovers, we learn about our relationship with God. We read in 1 Kings 4:32: “And he [Solomon] spake three thousand proverbs: and his songs were a thousand and five.” Though the Hebrew particle le does not always indicate “of,” (i.e., belonging to), but can also mean “to” or “for,” the most natural interpretation is that the Song was actually composed by Solomon. In verse four, he describes her long and beautiful neck as the “tower of David”. The allegorical method, however, lacks any external justification. One chain of thy neck — With one of those other graces and perfections wherewith thou art adorned. In the second century C.E., Rabbi Akiva called it the “holy of holies.” 1 Title: Several titles have been suggested for the book, all taken from the first verse: “The Song of Songs”, “the Song of Solomon”, or “Canticles”. Moreover, God is not the only surprising absence in the book; we look in vain for a reference to Israel, the covenant, worship institutions, or anything explicitly religious. Pilate puts her snuffbox earring on top of Jake’s grave. The Song of Solomon is about true love and choosing the right mate. Myer Pearlman - Other titles given: "Song of Songs" (Hebrew) meaning the best of Solomon's 1005 songs (1Kings 4:32), "Canticles" meaning song of songs (Latin). Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Dr. Frantz de Santiago Peretz i Bennazar, Ph.D. Review of "Baptist Foundations: Church Government for an Anti-Institutional Age". Song of Solomon 1:1 "The song of songs, which [is] Solomon's." The [Song of Songs], along with the books of Proverbs and Ecclesiastes, is related to Solomon as the source of Israel’s wisdom literature. Proud member If that is the case, then it is not just a random connection to see the man as pointing to Christ and his bride as pointing to the church. “The Song is the most obscure book of the Old Testament,” according to Franz Delitzsch. The first few sentences of this review of the Song of Songs (aka, the Song of Solomon) in the Passion Translation (the one that is enthusiastically promoted by NAR apostles) says it all:. Dr. Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. Go To Song of Solomon Index. a.d. 200) was the first known Christian to allegorize the Song. Solomon married all these women so that his country would be at peace. Song of Solomon 1:4. Verse 4 Thy neck is like the tower of David - It is certain that bucklers were frequently hung about towers, both for their ornaments, and to have them at hand when their use was required; see Ezekiel 27:10 . (4) The king hath brought me. —The dramatic theory of the poem (see Excursus II.) The title of the book attributes the Song to King Solomon. Solomon married these women for political reasons. Others have sung its praise. At first reading it seems impossible to describe a theology of the Song of Songs. 5 Your breasts are like two fawns, like twin fawns of a gazelle. Let the king bring me into his chambers. Comments on Chapter 1 The entire book is a series of love songs in poetic form. F. The work is sometimes referred to as a collection of “idylls” or little pictures; pictorial poems which give to familiar or everyday scenes, … This book is unique in the books of the Bible in that not only does it not mention G-d, it also doesn’t deal with religious themes explicitly. Song of Solomon Chapter 8 Analysis Verse 1. Solomon’s sexiest Song The Song of Songs and the songs of Egypt Inanna, Dumuzi, and Solomon The Song and Jewish tradition Christians sing with Solomon Sex in the Song The sacred in the Song Summarizing Solomon’s Song. The bride thinks about Solomon in the palace — Song of Songs 1:1 - 3:5. 1. The difference, though, is obvious. So we can see that Solomon is still a young man in this Song. The Song of Songs, then, describes a lover and his beloved rejoicing in each other's sexuality in a garden. ii. Author: Solomon wrote Song of Solomon, according to the first verse. Jewish interpreters, as represented by the Targum of the book (ca. It sees the hero of the Song as Solomon, the son of David, the king of Israel. The straightforward approach to the Song of Solomon shows it is a love poem written by Solomon regarding a woman he loves. The sin of Adam and Eve was not a specifically sexual sin, but the alienation that resulted from the sin is recounted in sexual terms. 8 Come with me from Lebanon, my bride, May you come with me from Lebanon. The author of the Song probably lived about the same time as King Solomon. Needed: commentary recommendations for preaching through Song of Songs (Solomon). Eve, then Adam, rebelled against God and a horrible distance grew between the sinful human race and their holy God. Early Christian interpreters also desexed the Song in this way, but, of course, identified the main characters with Jesus Christ and the church and/or the individual Christians. Now Adam and Eve were naked and they felt shame and fled from one another ( Genesis 3:7 Genesis 3:10 ). Problem: Evangelical Christians defend the literal interpretation of the Bible. Solomon composed some 1,005 songs (1 Kings 4:32), and this was the greatest (the song of songs) among them. It was accepted as canonical because of its supposed authorship by Solomon and based on an allegorical reading where the subject-matter was taken to be not sexual desire but God's love for Israel. 16 Awake, north wind, and come, south wind! He praises her purity and chastity saying Song of Songs 4:12, “A garden enclosed Is my sister, my spouse, A spring shut up, A fountain sealed How fair is thy love — How amiable and acceptable to me. Others have sung its praise. Rather, we read it in the light of the pervasive marriage metaphor of the Old Testament. SONG of SOLOMON by Toni Morrison This picture represents how Milkman received his name with him being breast fed by his mother until he was 4 years old Milkman Dead's childhood realization that he cannot fly serves to set him apart from other people; in a way, he even detaches Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. The paper discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the allegorical, literal, and typical methods of interpretation in regards to understanding this book. Your temples behind your veil are like the halves of a pomegranate. Not just exegetical but pastoral too. How then could Rabbi Akiba call this book the Bible's \"Holy of Holies\"? This song is one of 1,005 that Solomon wrote (1 Kings 4:32). When read in the context of the canon as a whole, the book forcefully communicates the intensely intimate relationship that Israel enjoys with God. For a helpful study of the Song of Solomon as a single collection, see G. Lloyd Carr, The Song of Solomon, Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1984), 44-49. 1. It is ancient, divinely inspired language from another time. “How delightful is your love, my sister, my bride!” (Song of Solomon 4:9; see also 4:10, 12, and 5:1). seventh century a.d.), thought that the lover of the Song was Yahweh and the beloved Israel. However, the non-romantic familial kiss was accepted as an appropriate gesture for the public. With you—let us hurry describes his young woman beloved is to me to interpret the 's. Note ), thought that the lover of the garden before the fall begins with the female speaker expressing longing... “ Song of Songs note ) of marriage — Song of Solomon 1 ( NIV 4... ( ca issue of interpretation in regards to understanding this book is a superlative, this... To be a collection of information through the use of cookies Holies\ '' monastic! 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