Now this awful Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. hell. Psalms 3:6; Psalms 27:1. kill. And some Greeks spoke of Tartarus as the place of eternal conscious punishment, at least for some. But such a concept may seem blasphemous to many. "destroy" it. Christ cautions His disciples against three particular things. Be not afraid. The following statement is from Kitto’s Cyclopedia: “Hell is represented by Sheol in the Old, and by Hades in the New Testament. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Matthew 10:28". BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Matthew 10:28". What strange blindness is it to expose our souls to endless ruin, which should enjoy God eternally; and to save and pamper the body, by which we enjoy nothing but the creatures, and them only for a moment! Euth. But clearly the worship of the Wild Beast ceases after the events in Revelation 19:20-21. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pnt/matthew-10.html. Fear God, who can condemn the soul to banishment. Men can murder the body, they can extinguish its corporeal life. Hence it follows, that when we have abandoned the heavenly and eternal life, we reserve nothing more for ourselves than to be like the beasts that perish, (Psalms 49:12.) Clem. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". (28) Are not able to kill the soul.—Here our Lord uses what we may call the popular dichotomy of man’s nature, and the word “soul” includes all that truly lives and thinks and wills in man, and is therefore equivalent to the “soul and spirit” of the more scientific trichotomy of St. Paul’s Epistles (1 Thessalonians 5:23). In this verse we find these instructions: "And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’. There are only two places in the Old Testament where the fate of the wicked after resurrection is described, and those are Isaiah 66:24 and Daniel 12:2. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/matthew-10.html. The strong things which he says, that his sense will only be doubted as long as men do not search into the depth of the context, &c. do not frighten me. This word Gehenna, or valley of Hinnom, in its primitive and literal sense, designated a gorge south of Jerusalem, otherwise called Tophet, where the offals of the city were ordinarily burned. Even by the great and mighty God, who is all-present, who beholdeth all thy ways, and who is able to cast thy soul into hell! A fear of solicitous anxiety, such as makes us let go our confidence in God’s providence, causing our thoughts so to dwell upon the dreadfulness of the thing feared as to despair of a deliverance. It is God that is meant, and not the devil (Olshausen, Stier). And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.” Explanation and Commentary of Matthew 28:20. This saying may reflect an original Jewish Christian refusal of the mission to the Gentiles, but for Matthew it expresses rather the limitation that … Comp. Biron, Marshal of France, derided the Earl of Essex’s piety at his death as more befitting a silly minister than a stout warrior: as if the fear of hell were not a Christian man’s fortitude; as if it were not valour but madness to fight with a flaming fire, that is out of our power to suppress. Revelation 14:10-11, with Genesis 19:24; Genesis 19:28.) He, falling on his knees, replied, his duty to his God and his Prince had enforced him thereto, and he had merely discharged his duty and his conscience in what he had spoken. If the fear of God is extinguished by the dread of men, is it not evident that we pay greater deference to them than to God himself? Suffice it here to note that Gehenna, or the Valley of Hinnon, was used by Christ as a metaphor to describe the place of eternal punishment of the wicked. BibliographyPett, Peter. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. It seems to me at variance with the connexion of the discourse, and with the universal tone of Scripture regarding Satan. Matthew 28:20 “and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. (D. Thomas, D. D.). It also helps to conquer fear if the disciple will remember that the worst a human adversary can do does not compare with the worst God can do. BibliographyGill, John. In hell. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/matthew-10.html. American Tract Society. Not a few of the most devout and thoughtful commentators, unwilling to admit that our Lord ever presented the Father to men in the character of a destroyer, have urged that the meaning may be thus paraphrased: “Fear not men; but fear the Spirit of Evil, the great Adversary who, if you yield to his temptations, has power to lead you captive at his will, to destroy alike your outward and your inward life, either in the Gehenna of torture or in that of hatred and remorse.” Plausible as it seems, however, this interpretation is not, it is believed, the true one. "Commentary on Matthew 10:28". All other rights reserved. Note “soul” here of the eternal spirit, not just life in the body. In Jewish tradition, as in other Greek works (not all followed Plato), there were suggestions of eternal (or ‘age long’) punishment (e.g. God, who will raise the dead, can destroy the soul. 34 'Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth: it is not peace I have come to bring, but a sword.. 35 For I have come to set son against father, daughter against mother, daughter-in-law against mother-in-law;. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/matthew-10.html. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. A holy, awful, and prudential fear of the omnipotent God commended: Fear him that is able to kill both body and soul. This is a "periphrasis" of bloody persecutors, who, not content to revile, scourge, and imprison, put the faithful ministers of Christ to death, in the most cruel and torturing manner; and yet are not so to be feared and dreaded by them, as to discourage and divert them from the performance of their important work and office; for, as Luke says, Luke 12:4 "after" that they "have no more than they can do". Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Author: St. Matthew the Apostle, also known as Levi. That human nature is made up of body and soul. See note on Matthew 5:22, and App-131. To this coincidence of description Peter also most probably alludes in 2 Peter 2:6.”. After reading his text the bishop thus began his sermon:-“Hugh Latimer, dost thou know before whom thou art this day to speak? "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". Luke 12:6 : ‘Not one of them is forgotten before God.’. slothful, unfaithful and unprofitable, cowardly and temporising The most efficacious stimulus is on this account employed. Which last He cautions against for these three reasons. Hence reverence and awe, not fear and terror, are required, as the change of terms implies. What they should remember is that anyone who touches them cannot touch their inner life within them. We may ‘be afraid of’ the latter, but are to ‘fear’ the former. How fit is it that this eternal and almighty God should be the object of our humble fear, and that in compassion with him we should fear nothing else! --- He who continually fears hell, will never fall into it; but he who is negligent, will undoubtedly fall. Bibliography"Commentary on Matthew 10:28". To destroy is not to kill, still less to annihilate, but to ruin. Renewal 1960. 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