Read about the climate of the Greek Islands and mainland courtesy of Peter Sommer Travels The first is the latitude. The population of Greece, in particular that of northern Greece, has always been characterized by a great deal of ethnic, religious, and linguistic diversity. Greece has a warm Mediterranean climate. No matter what time of year you're planning to travel to the Mediterranean country of Greece, you're sure to find unique celebrations, plenty of outdoor activities, and some great tourist destinations to visit. Weather in Greece is fairly uniform throughout the mainland and the Greek islands. Winters can be cloudy and sometimes gloomy, but never incredibly cold. Also the name of a favorite movie shot in Greece, the "high season" consists of the months of July and August and features the highest prices, best travel schedules, biggest crowds, and sweltering temperatures. The temple of Aphaea, Aíyina (Aegina), Greece. Whether you're visiting one of the northern ski resorts in the winter or heading to a pristine Greek beach in the summer, knowing what to pack ultimately boils down to knowing what the weather will be during your trip. Low Temp: 50 °F. Your Trip to the Greece: The Complete Guide. July is one of the warmest months of the year and one of the most expensive at the shops; August is another hot, busy month in Greece, and the August 15th Festival of Mary and Feast of the Assumption often confuses travel schedules for the days preceding and immediately following the feast, so plan for extra travel time on your trip during mid-August. The peninsula of ancient Greece had a Mediterranean climate. Greece has a typical Mediterranean climate, which lends itself to mild and often wet winters and dry summers. Get an answer. Annual temperature over the period 1961–1990 showed a trend of statistically significant warming over land in south-east Europe of approximately 0.4–0.6 °C per decade (17). In the middle of the ’50s a cooling period started in northern Greece and progressively extended also in the southern regions of the country where it started to be detected in the beginning of the’70s. This small South European country is the cradle of modern civilization. Climate Greek Isles. This climate occurs at all coastal locations, including Athens, the Cyclades, the Dodecanese, Crete, the Peloponnese, the Ionian Islands and parts of the Central Continental Greece region. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Philosophy, mathematics, mechanics, military art, the concept of citizenship, and even more were born under the azure skies of Greece. Weather in Southern China: Climate, Seasons, and Average Monthly Temperature, The Weather and Climate in Northwest China, Weather in Finland: Climate, Seasons, and Average Monthly Temperature, The Weather and Climate in Copenhagen, Denmark, The Weather and Climate in Fort Myers, Florida, Weather in Ireland: Climate, Seasons, and Average Monthly Temperature, What to Expect from the Weather in Oakland Year-Round, Plan a Beach Vacation to Destin, Florida, Year-Round, Weather in Northern China: Climate, Seasons, and Average Monthly Temperature, Monthly Temperatures and Rainfall Totals for Ocala, Florida, The Weather in Greece: Climate, Seasons, and Average Monthly Temperature. The country receives a lot of sunshine, for which it is rightly famous, and prolonged stretches of rainy weather are uncommon. Summers were hot, winters cold and just about enough rain in the monsoon. The weather of the Aegean islands and the Ionian … Athens can be stiflingly hot, with temperatures occasionally exceeding 40°C (104°F) in July. ThessalonikiLike much of Greece, Thessaloniki has a Mediterranean climate, but it experiences much greater temperature variations than other parts of the country, with winter temperatures occasionally dropping as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit (-9 degrees Celsius) and snow falling on the northern plains. Furthermore, there has been a decrease in annual and seasonal precipitation, . DeTraci Regula is a freelance writer who has specialized in Greek travel and tours for 18 years. The Mediterranean waters and a northwesterly breeze, known as the Etesian, kept temperatures at a comfortable level. With the return of the sun, the weather warms and gradually leaves the winter temperatures. 1. Ancient Greek Climate. The climate of Greece is primarily Mediterranean, featuring mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. In central and southern regions and in the narrow belts along the valleys of the mountains, about half the land is under scrub of various kinds; and maquis—the classic Mediterranean scrub, with oleander, bay, evergreen oak, olive, and juniper—is especially prevalent in the Pelopónnisos. The Pindus range, which runs across Greece on a northwestern – southeastern axis, divides the country geographically in two, rendering the climate of Western Greece wetter and sharing more characteristics with maritime climates, while the … The weather on the Greek island of Crete plays by its own rules. The landmass of Crete is large enough to have its own weather zones, which change as you go north and south or east and west across the island. This icy wind is known as the boreas. Weather ☀ ⛅ Greece ☀ ⛅ December ☀ ⛅ Information on temperature, sunshine hours, water temperature & rainfall in December for Greece. However, all regions of Greece do not have the same climatic conditions. July and August are the busiest months, but they also have the most frequent transit schedules to more remote Greek islands and perfect weather for outdoor adventures and day trips. Surrounded by a lot of mountains and also the sea, Greece enjoyed a balance of seasons and temperatures. With an average of 416.6mm (16.4") of precipitation a year, the majority of which occurs during the winter months, between October and April. During the winter much of Greece may have CLIMATE-DATA.ORG North America Partly as a result, Thessaloníki (Salonika; Thessalonica) has an average January temperature in the low 40s F (about 6 °C), while in Athens it is in the low 50s F (about 10 °C), and in Iráklieo (Candia) on Crete it is in the low to mid-50s F (about 12 °C). Winter is milder to the south. Greek Climate and Physical Geography . Animals of the Mediterranean regions include hares, wild goats, and porcupines, all adapted to the heat and lack of moisture. Greece climate guide. Greece's climate is mostly mediterranean, but because of its unique geographical location and landscape, Greece has a large range of smaller areas of climates and variations. In winter the belt of low-pressure disturbances moving in from the North Atlantic Ocean shifts southward, bringing with it warm, moist, westerly winds. Temperatures averaged about 75° F (24° C) in summer. Winters are mild in the south but much colder in the mountainous north, where it is not uncommon to see snow and temperatures … It is dry for 243 days a year with an average humidity of 64% and an UV-index of 5. Where the climate is classified as dry mediterranean, during the summer, the weather is dry and any precipitation falls in the form of showers or thunderstorms from cumuliform cloud. Can you find out about the climate in the UK and compare it to Greece? What to pack: Remember to pack a bathing suit and lighter clothing because summer in Greece gets quite warm, especially if you're visiting during the peak months of July and August. Climate is like the weather, but monitored over a long time (about 30 years). It has long, wet winters and short, mild summers. The summers are hot and dry, and the temperature is mild in the winter. Jillian Dara is a freelance travel writer and fact checker. With a Mediterranean climate, Greece enjoys a weather pattern of hot dry summers and cool to mild winters with some rain. Greece is a large and topographically diverse country so there are many different climates. Greece is the land of heroes, scholiasts and artists. Finally, in the northern … Degraded plant associations (areas where the variety and size of species and the density of plant cover are reduced) and soil erosion are common. Her work has appeared in Travel + Leisure, USA Today 10Best, Michelin Guide, Hemispheres, DuJour, and Jetsetter. New answers. Koine (the language of the New Testament) and Byzantine Greek represent the middle phases of Greek. What is the best way to describe the climate of Greece? As the low-pressure areas enter the Aegean region, they may draw in cold air from those eastern … The forested zones, especially in the north, harbour such European mammals as wildcats, martens, brown bears, roe deer, and, more rarely, wolves, wild boars, and lynx. February gets progressively warmer, but you'll still need to bring sweaters, undershirts, and a light jacket if you plan to be outdoors. Nonetheless, the population of Greece includes people who identify themselves as Turks, Macedonians, Albanians, Aromanians (Vlachs), and Roma (Gypsies). What to pack: Pack a warm coat and clothing that can be layered to avoid getting too hot or too cold in January, Greece's coldest month. However, atmospheric pollution has become a serious problem in the cities, notably Athens, obscuring the sky and posing a hazard to the ancient monuments. Peloponnese is one of the warmest region in Greece with an average daily high temperature of 23 degrees centigrade. However, it's important to know what to expect when it comes to the weather so that you're able to pack for your Greek vacation. Greece is home to about 6,000 species of wildflowers, of which some 600 are endemic. Climate is the average measurements of temperature, wind, humidity, snow and rain in a place over the course of many years. Temperatures averaged about 75° F (24° C) in summer. The city receives almost 300 days of sunshine per year. What to pack: Fall is warm, making it a great time to visit. In 6 months the average temperatures are over 25 degrees. Dry mediterranean, Humid mediterranean, Continental mediterranean and Alpine mediterranean. It may be too chilly for all but the most ardent swimmers, though. It has short, cold winters and long, humid, wet summers. Greek Orthodox priests from the monastery of St. John the Theologian celebrating an outdoor Easter service on Pátmos (Patmos), a Greek island of the Dodekánisa (Dodecanese) group in the Aegean Sea. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from June to September. Precipitation: 1.33" Humidity: 65%. Rainfall is generally low in most of the country and heaviest in the mountainous regions, where snow is likely and temperatures can get severe. Climate zone: The northern part of Greece is located in the temperate climatic zone, while the southern part is subtropical. In the winter, temperatures again were influenced by the surrounding water. Climate data and weather averages in Athens. Average weather, temperature, rainfall, sunshine hours. Greece has constantly enjoyed the three major seasons and it was no different before. In summer, when the low-pressure belt swings away again, the climate is hot and dry almost everywhere. September is a great month for the budget-minded, independent traveler because it's the beginning of another shoulder season in the country. Climate data and weather averages in Athens. The average July sea-level temperature approaches 80 °F (27 °C), although heat waves can push the temperature well above 100 °F (38 °C) for a day or so. And since Crete is a mixture of lowland and mountainous regions, there are also weather and temperature variations based on altitude. The northern cities, located in the inland areas of Epirus, Macedonia and Thessaly, have a slightly continental climate, with quite cold winters, during which air masses coming from the north can sometimes bring snow and frost, and hot summers, sometimes scorching. A great variety of climate subtypes, always within the Mediterranean climate frame, are … If you plan to explore the many natural wonders of Greece or want to enjoy an outdoor Athens tour, schedule your trip from April to October, but if you want to swim, temperatures are warm enough from mid-May through September. Situated in south-eastern Europe, Greece borders the Mediterranean sea to the south as well as the Ionian Sea and the Aegean Sea to the west and east respectively. The peninsula of ancient Greece had a Mediterranean climate. However, for the south of Greece and the islands, the winters will be milder. November brings cool, mostly clear weather. The Greek language is one of the oldest attested Indo-European languages, its earliest written form (Linear B) dating to about the 15th century bce. Greece, the southernmost of the countries of the Balkan Peninsula. Greece experiences a dry-summer subtropical climate, which is commonly referred to as the Mediterranean climate, according to the Köppen climate-classification system. Greek is the language of the majority of Cyprus’s population, and enclaves of Greeks—as defined by the language they speak—are to be found to different degrees in southern Albania, southern Italy, Turkey, and Bulgaria. Winter is milder to the south. Its summers were hot and dry. Thessaly is one of the coldest regions in Greece with an average daily high temperature of only 22 degrees centigrade. As the low-pressure areas enter the Aegean region, they may draw in cold air from those eastern regions of the Balkans that, sheltered by the Dinaric mountain system from western influences, are open to climatic extremes emanating from the heart of Eurasia. Its summers were hot and dry. Greece is the land of heroes, scholiasts and artists. Occasionally the warmer sirocco (shilok) winds are drawn in from the south. Greece has a warm, sunny climate with temperatures that peak at about 33 C in the summer months of June, July and August, lowering to between 13 C and 15 C from December to February. The beginning of June which marked the onset of summer observed the harvesting of wheat by the farmers. As in other Balkan countries, the vegetation of Greece is open to influences from several major biogeographic zones, with the major Mediterranean and western Asian elements supplemented by plants and animals from the central European interior. The only minority officially recognized by the Greek government is a religious minority, the Muslim minority of Thráki (Thrace), whose existence was acknowledged in the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne. For the most part, the weather follows a typical Mediterranean climate pattern with hot, dry summers and mild rainy winters. Showing: All Year Climate & Weather Averages in Santorini. High Temp: 86 °F. The country is mostly sunny throughout the year. As a result, the existence of ethnic and national diversity in the country has remained a sensitive issue. Averages are for Athinai Airport, which is 5 miles from Athens. For a large part of the year, Greece experienced sunny days. In April, the weather improves throughout Greece, while prices stay low. 3. destle6. Climate change in Greece | climateandmo Climate change in Greece Greece has a Mediterranean climate, which means mild and rainy winters, relatively warm and dry summers and many hours of sunshine during the year. Greece Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. Since most schools around the world are still in session during this month, May offers an inexpensive and crowd-free experience during one of the best weather months of the year. According to the dominant ideology of the Greek state, all the people of Greece are, or should be, Greek. On Corfu, January temperatures average in the low 50s F (10 °C), and the island’s average annual precipitation is about 52 inches (1,320 mm), compared with that on Crete of about 25 inches (640 mm) and that at Athens of about 16 inches (400 mm). Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, Northeastern Greece: Makedonía and Thráki, Greek Orthodox Easter service, Pátmos, Greece. Temperatures average 84 degrees Fahrenheit (29 degrees Celsius) in August but can exceed 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius). In 6 months the average temperatures are over 25 degrees. Although not officially recognized, minority languages spoken in the country include Turkish, Macedonian, Albanian (especially in the dialect known as Arvanítika, a variety of Tosk Albanian taken to Greece in the 15th century by settlers from what is now Albania), Bulgarian, Romany, Aromanian (a form of Eastern Romance, akin to Daco-Romanian, spoken by the Aromanians and also called Macedo-Romanian), and Megleno-Romanian (another form of Eastern Romance, spoken in a few villages in the north). The coldest months are January and February and the warmest period is during the months July and August. Greece has a typical Mediterranean climate, which lends itself to mild and often wet winters and dry summers. The northern part of the country can be very cold during the winters, even receiving snow in some areas. Find out about the weather in Greece. Rating. Winters are mild and often wet, and summers are sunny with very little rainfall. If you visit later in the season, a sweater will be useful for increasingly chilly nights. In some years, Carnival season begins in February, which can liven up the month considerably. Greek Climate and Physical Geography . In March, early spring rains bring wildflowers as the weather begins to warm up. See more current weather × Annual Weather Averages Near Santorini. Get the latest coronavirus (COVID-19) updates for Greece with current travel advice, statistics and online resources.. Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Greece for next month - March. It has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Koppen climate classification: Csa). Ancient Greece was a peninsula experiencing a Mediterranean climate. Weather Today Weather Hourly 14 Day Forecast Yesterday/Past Weather Climate (Averages) Currently: 55 °F. It lies at the juncture of Europe, Asia, and Africa and is heir to the heritages of Classical Greece, the Byzantine Empire, and nearly four centuries of Ottoman Turkish rule. Expect low prices, but many island and coastal resorts will be closed, and transit schedules will also be at a minimum, making it harder to get around quickly. Topography is again a modifying factor: the interior northern mountains continue to experience some precipitation, while along the winding coast the afternoon heat is eased slightly by sea breezes. Compare the climate between UK and Greece. The climate of Greece Greece has a predominantly Mediterranean type of climate (Köppen climate classification Csa, Csb) with warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Greece has constantly enjoyed the three major seasons and it was no different before. One-fifth of Greece’s area is made up of the Greek islands. Evergreen trees and shrubs and herbaceous plants are found in the lowland, their flowers offering brilliant patterns in springtime. Ancient Greek mosaic showing the sea god Poseidon riding two dolphins. Because of this, Corfu is covered with much more lush vegetation than other parts of Greece. Search for an answer or ask Weegy. Due to its geographical position, Greece has mild winters and warm summers, cooled by different kind of seasonal winds. In all seasons—perhaps especially in summer—the quality of light is one of Greece’s most appealing attractions. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 1 Answer/Comment. Summer is also quite dry and it's common to go for weeks, if not a month, without rain. The Mediterranean climate of Greece is subject to a number of regional and local variations based on the country’s physical diversity. In winter the belt of low-pressure disturbances moving in from the North Atlantic Ocean shifts southward, bringing with it warm, moist, westerly winds. … Log in for more information. To the west of the Pindus mountain range, the climate is generally wetter and has some maritime features, and to the east, the climate is generally drier and windier… Winters are cool, but not freezing—temperatures average around 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 degrees Celsius). It has long, mild winters and short, cool summers. Migrations, invasions, imperial conquests, and 20th-century wars all contributed to this cultural diversity, which continues to characterize modern Greece—in spite of several instances of population exchanges, which occurred as a result of treaties between Greece and Bulgaria in 1919 and between Greece and Turkey in 1923, along with long-standing government policies of assimilation, or Hellenization. The western climatic influences bring plenty of precipitation to the Ionian coast and the mountains behind it; winter rain starts early, and snow lingers into spring. We can divide Greece into two major categories as per its Ancient Greek Climate i.e. Modern Greek comprises Standard Modern Greek and the various regional dialects. Asked 51 days ago|12/12/2020 6:45:25 PM. Summer temperatures are tempered by breezes called 'Meltemia', and the Etesian wind which blows north across the Aegean Sea. The Mediterranean waters and a northwesterly breeze, known as the Etesian, kept temperatures at a comfortable level. The Ancient Greek Climate and weather, today is similar to what it was thousands of years ago except for the fact that even Greece today, like every other place in the world, is affected by global warming. Question. The summers were hot and dry. Pleasant water temperatures of up to 25 degrees even invite you to take a bath in the warm season. The climate of Greece is Mediterranean on coasts and islands, with mild, rainy winters and hot, sunny summers. There are typically long periods of sunshine throughout … Greek Isles has the mediterranean climate prevailing. Pleasant water … It has short, mild winters and long, hot, dry summers is the best way to describe the climate of Greece. Greek expatriate communities play a distinctive role in Europe, North and South America, Australia, and South Africa. Pines, plane trees, and poplars line the rivers, the higher slopes, and the coastal plains. The two main seasons of the Mediterranean climate are a rainy and mild winter that lasts from October to March and a warm, dry summer that lasts from April to September. Northern Greece and Southern Greece. Nearly unattractive for tourists are the cold months from November to March. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from June to August. It is the hottest capital city in Europe. The climate in Greece is typical of the Mediterranean climate: mild and rainy winters, relatively warm and dry summers and, generally, extended periods of sunshine throughout most of the year. The summers are characterized by sunshine and very little rainfall: great temperatures and successful summer holidays guaranteed in Greece! The average annual temperature for Greek Isles is 21° degrees and there is about 297 mm of rain in a year. Heated during the summer water emits a lot of warmth during the short winter. Although winter has already set in, temperatures stay relatively warm in the coastal cities. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. Standard Modern Greek is the official state language, and it is an amalgamation of two historical forms: Demotic, which is widely spoken, and Katharevusa, a deliberately archaizing form that was primarily written, appearing in official government documents and newspapers until the mid-1970s. Philosophy, mathematics, mechanics, military art, the concept of citizenship, and even more were born under the azure skies of Greece. In summer (June to August), dry hot days are often relieved by stiff evening breezes, especially in the north, on the islands and in coastal areas. The climate of Greece can be divided into four different types of climates. Warm weather lingers most years into the first half of October while shop and tourist attraction prices slowly begin their decline into the shoulder season of late fall. Several microclimates, including oceanic (Köppen Cfb) in the coastal regions and alpine in … It has been proven that since the end of 1990s the temperature of Greece has been increasing, especially during the summer months. Greece, or the Hellenic Republic has three distinct climate patterns: a continental Mediterranean climate, an alpine Mediterranean climate and a dry Mediterranean climate, all of which add to the unique holiday experience that Greece has to offer. Reptile and marine life have come under increasing pressure, the former by overdevelopment and the latter by exhaustive fishing. While Greek tourism officials fight against the concept that there is ever an "off-season" in Greece, tourism tumbles from November through March. Those ultimately gave way in the 19th century to Modern Greek (except in the liturgy of the Greek Orthodox Church, which still uses Koine), although from roughly the 15th century onward, the language had a very modern aspect to it. Annual Weather Averages Near Athens. It has short, mild winters and long, hot, dry summers is the … The form of Greek known as Tsakonian is different enough from other varieties that it could be considered a separate language too, and a similar claim could be made for the Pontic variety and the Cappadocian variety as spoken now in Greece (these last two occurring in Greece as a result of the population movements mandated by the Treaty of Lausanne). It has short, mild winters and long, hot, dry summers. The climate throughout April in Greece is marked by an improvement of the weather although the temperatures are generally still fresh. Forests and scrub are found at the highest elevations; black pine forests cover Mount Ólympos. Maquis (macchie) vegetation on the Mediterranean coast, near Sithonía, Greece. In summer (June to August), dry hot days are often relieved by stiff evening breezes, especially in the north, on the islands and in coastal areas. Annual Weather Averages Near Athens. Birds include owls, vultures, pelicans, storks, and herons, and many varieties from farther north spend the winter in Greece, while others stop on Greek land and water while migrating to and from Africa. This small South European country is the cradle of modern civilization. SantoriniSantorini has a semi-arid climate with warm weather from May through September. The second factor is the location of the country amidst the waters of the Mediterranean. In Athens, the capital of Greece, the climate is Mediterranean, with mild, moderately rainy winters and hot, sunny summers. Few populated areas have lasting snowfalls, but snow is commonly found on the highest peaks. The lowest average annual temperatures in Greece occurred in the decade of 1970 up to the beginning of 1980, due mainly to the very cold summer… Summer rainfalls have increased, there is adecreasing trend for winter and annual rainfalls. And what is the climate in greece, but light layers are still recommended for the cooler.. 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