ANS: Answer not provided. It is improved by chunking and rehearsal techniques. 8. ________ refers to auditory sensory memory, whereas ________ refers to visual sensory memory. Working memory has a limited capacity whereas long-term memory has almost unlimited capacity. A.Consumers must allocate attention for sensory memory to be activated. people's decisions are likely to be biased because they tend to seek out and listen to others whose views confirm their views while they avoid those with dissenting views. Multiple Choice. The concepts and research in elaboration and distinctiveness have modified the levels-of-processing theory. APA Learning Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains. They will help you better understand how repressed, recovered, or suggested memories may occur and what you can do if you or a family member is concerned about a childhood memory. Think of this as the focus of current attention, or what you are actively thinking about right now. Which of the following is true of short-term memory? Typically, higher levels of elaboration are linked with better memory performance. I’m sure you’ve been to a party where you’ve been introduced to someone and then — maybe only seconds later — you realize that you do not remember the person’s name. The ________ is the tendency to recall the items at the beginning and end of a list more readily than those in the middle. Which of the following is true of elaboration in memory? This preview shows page 2 - 3 out of 3 pages. Describe an example of your initial decision time and recognition performance for each of the following levels: structural coding, phonemic coding, and semantic coding. Memory involves three separate systems; sensory memory, short-term memory, and long term memory: Term. D. Elaboration can occur at any level of processing. Definition. Incorporate Other Memory Strategies . 20. C.all of these choices are true D.Sensory memory has limited capacity. What is sensory memory? Which of the following is a similarity between echoic memory and iconic memory? Only when participants were asked to answer true/false questions about the items and the backgrounds—a manipulation designed to affect both overt attention and poststimulus elaboration—was there a reduction in selective emotional item memory due to an increase in background memory. Memory (Latin, memoria; Greek, mneme) This canon includes all the methods and devices (including figures of speech) that can be used to aid and improve the memory. Question 12 options: It is made up of explicit and implicit memory. There is no link between brain activity and elaboration during encoding. Your knowledge of the alphabet and multiplication tables is most likely to be stored in your ________ memory. Definition. If a child's mental age is higher than his or her chronological age, this means that. When asked to memorize the 15 letters, C I A C B S A B C F B I I R S, Mary reorganizes them into CIA, CBS, ABC, FBI, and IRS. a. What is the Atkinson-Shiffrin Theory? Which of the following statements about teratogens is true? B.Sensory memory is very perishable and lasts only a very short time. Topic Elaboration Feedback Memory Encoding 204 8 Which of the following is true, 1 out of 1 people found this document helpful. Roman rhetoricians made a distinction between natural memory (an innate ability) and artificial memory (particular techniques that enhanced natural abilities). Which of the following is TRUE regarding sensory memory? Both are sensory memories. B. Elaboration is linked to diminished memory. Time frame of a fraction of a section to several seconds: Term. creating a huge spider web of links between some new information and everything you already know _____ of information is linked with neural activity, especially in the brain's left frontal lobe. Encoding is the process by which we place the things that we experience into memory. D. Elaboration can occur at any level of processing. A)The less elaborate the processing within deep processing, the better the memory. Personal elaboration B) Meaningful encoding C) Spreading activation D) Dual coding. D)Elaboration can occur at any level of processing. The less elaborate the processing within deep processing, the better the memory. Which of the following is true of elaboration in memory? It refers to a continuum of memory processing. Sternberg's triarchic theory; Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, A six-year-old child with a mental age of 6 would have an IQ of. Which of the following is true with regard to the way coping styles relate to depression? It is a special form of episodic memory. ________ states that memory storage involves three separate systems: sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory. representation of the average or ideal member for a concept. Which of the following is true of elaboration in memory? Definition. A) It is reduced by repeatedly retrieving a particular information from memory. C. Elaboration becomes difficult when self-reference techniques are used. Identify a true statement about elaboration in memory. Not everything we experienc… The ability to listen to music while reading a magazine indicates. A)It is a volatile memory. Mary used the tactic of. First, short term or working memory. Which of the following is true of elaboration in memory? Relating material to one's own experience is an effective way to elaborate on information. Answer A. Memory interacts with other cognitive functions: For example, the better one attends to incoming information, the better it will be encoded and later retrieved. Oakton Community College, Skokie • PSY 101. What is elaboration? B. Importantly, for the repeatedly suggested (3-exposure) items, the main effect of elaboration type was highly reliable (F[2, 177] = 10.92, MSe = .14, p < .0001) and planned comparisons confirmed that the Conceptual Elaboration group made more false memory errors than the Perceptual Elaboration group, who in turn made more false memory errors than the No Elaboration group (all p’s … Unless information is encoded, it cannot be remembered. During the last few months of pregnancy, teratogens have minimal impact on the fetus. Learning Objective: Explain how memories are eccoded. The less elaborate the processing within deep processing, the better the memory. It is a relatively permanent type of memory. Which of the following scenarios best illustrates the use of explicit memory? Which of the following is true of elaboration in memory? It maintains information for a few seconds or less. A) It has unlimited duration. Elaboration can occur at any level of processing. 2. Extensiveness of processing at any given level: Term. Concepts provide clues about how to react to a particular object or experience. Within explicit, or declarative, memory, there are three basic stages of memory processing. According to ________ there are three forms of intelligence, whereas according to ________ there are nine types of intelligence. In the context of memory and retrieval, which of the following statements is true of interference? D. chunking the information in his memory. Which of the following is TRUE regarding short-term memory? Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. They come in different forms, such as formulas, instructions, and the testing of all possible solutions. Pavio’s dual-code hypothesis claims that memory for pictures is better than memory for words because pictures—at least those that can be named—are stored as both image codes and verbal codes. B) It assesses the attitudes of people according to their specific behaviors. B. C)Elaboration becomes difficult when self-reference techniques are used. Which of the following statements is true about autobiographical memory? Elaboration strategies connect information to be learned with information that students already know. It has a relatively large capacity. When asked to memorize the 15 letters, C I A C B S A B C F B I I R S, Mary reorganizes them into CIA, CBS, ABC, FBI, and IRS. 10. A)Elaboration during encoding deactivates the hippocampus. Finally, using visual imagery is one of the most powerful ways to make memories distinctive. For example, you might use mnemonics as a way to chunk different units of information. D. Elaboration can occur at any level of processing. C. Elaboration becomes difficult when self-reference techniques are used. Which of the following is true of elaboration in memory? Multiple choice exams involve testing a student's ________ abilities, whereas essay exams involve testing ________ abilities. 3. According to the Atkinson-Shiffrin theory, which of the following memory systems has a time frame of up to 30 seconds? lose past memories and the ability to acquire new memories will remain unaffected. Intellectual disability is a condition of limited mental ability in which an individual has an IQ of ________ and has difficulty adapting to everyday life. B)Elaboration is linked to diminished memory. For example, people could associate the new material with previously learned material, with an anecdote from their own lives, with a striking example, or with a movie they recently saw. The more elaborate the processing of a stimulus, the weaker the memory … In this scenario, Greta is most likely referring to the ________ of the Calibran language. Deep, elaborate processing weakens the process of remembering. A person suffering from retrograde amnesia will. Declarative knowledge. Of course it’s not really surprising that you can’t remember the name, because you probably were distracted and you never encoded the name to begin with. One way to process information deeply is to use a method called elaboration. A. _____ of information is linked with neural activity, especially in the brain's left frontal lobe. A) It elaborates on the issue of how well people can predict on the basis of attitudes. Relating material to one's own experience is an effective way to elaborate on information. Deep processing, the better the memory deep, elaborate processing weakens the process of are! 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